The Temporomandibular joints (TMJ) are located just in front of each ear and join the jaw to the face. TMJ movement can be felt by placing your fingers just in front of your ear while opening and closing your mouth. Ligaments hold the 2 sides of the joint in place while several muscles move the jaw. In the joint itself, there is a small disc that helps guide the jaw movement.
TMJ dysfunction is extremely common and results in a variety of symptoms including pain, tenderness, stiffness, and clicking of the TMJ. It can also contribute to headaches, neck stiffness, and ringing in the ear. TMJ dysfunction can have a variety of causes including:
Physiotherapy is a valuable option in the treatment of TMJ Syndrome. The results of a detailed physiotherapy assessment will be used to prepare a specific treatment plan that could include: